Brehon Law e-mail to European Community Institutions dated May 24th 2005

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From: "Vercingetorix (Ireland)" <>
Date: Tue, 24 May 2005 19:37:11 +0100 (BST)
Subject: [nature-irl] European Community Funded Road Projects, Hill of Tara, Turoe, & Brehon Law


--- "Vercingetorix (Ireland)" <> wrote:

To: Tara / Skreen Yahoo Group <>
From: "Vercingetorix \(Ireland\)" <>
Date: Mon, 23 May 2005 15:47:03 +0100 (BST)
Subject: [Tara/Skreen] Hill of Tara & Brehon Law

"Despite the Roman and subsequently British descriptions of the Celts as lawless barbarians the Celts owned the oldest and perhaps most humane collection of laws in Europe, known as the Brehon Law."

"It is believed that the Brehon Law, which derived its name from the Gaelic word breitheamh, meaning judge or arbitrator, originates from 2000 BCE."

"In order to maintain unity and equality of rights throughout Ireland or to tackle complex cases Tuath (King) Ollamh Fodhla (reigned between 1317 - 1277 BC) introduced the Feis Teamhrach, or Great Fair."

"The Feis Teamhrach was a triennial conference held at the Hill of Tara."

Some examples of Brehon Law:

Woman's rights: "If a pregnant women craves a morsel of food and her husband withholds it through stinginess, meanness or neglect he must pay a fine.."

Minimum wages: "Two lambs a year for the wife who minds the sheep. Twenty-one cows, plus land to feed them, and two hounds and two horses for the chief poet of a tribe."

Animal rights: "It is illegal to override a horse, force a weakened ox to do excessive work or threaten(!) an animal with angry vehemence which breaks bones.."

"Saint Patrick and a commission of nine wise men started to collect the Brehon Law in 438 AD. Laws that were consistent with Christianity were written down in the Senchus Mór. The Senchus Mór, a manuscript which is lost in history, formed the legal foundation of the Irish community until the British introduced their
laws after the Anglo-Norman Invasion (1169 AD)."

Above set of short extracts taken from:


History of conflict:

King Ollamh Fodhla (Feis Tara, Turoe, & Ulster):

Maladministration VERSUS Human Rights:


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M3 Motorway & Hill of Tara:


N6 Upgrade Road (East Galway):


Brehon Law:

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"EUR 52 billion of Public, Private and EU funds (in 1999 prices)..."

"The NDP is the largest and most ambitious investment plan ever drawn up for Ireland. It involves an investment of over EUR 52 billion of Public, Private and EU funds (in 1999 prices) over the period 2000-2006. The Plan involves significant investment in health services, social housing, education, roads, public transport, rural development, industry, water and waste services, childcare and local development."

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Heritage Protection Efforts


 Separation of Powers Doctrine:


The Århus Convention Agreement
 (3 Main Points)

The Århus Convention establishes a number of rights of the public (citizens and their associations) with regard to the environment. Public authorities (at national, regional or local level) are to contribute to allowing these rights to become effective. The Convention provides for:

  1. The right of everyone to receive environmental information that is held by public authorities (“access to environmental information”). This can include information on the state of the environment, but also on policies or measures taken, or on the state of human health and safety where this can be affected by the state of the environment. Citizens are entitled to obtain this information within one month of the request and without having to say why they require it. In addition, public authorities are obliged, under the Convention, to actively disseminate environmental information in their possession;

  2. The right to participate from an early stage in environmental decision-making. Arrangements are to be made by public authorities to enable citizens and environmental organisations to comment on, for example, proposals for projects affecting the environment, or plans and programmes relating to the environment, these comments to be taken into due account in decision-making, and information to be provided on the final decisions and the reasons for it (“public participation in environmental decision-making”);

  3. The right to challenge, in a court of law, public decisions that have been made without respecting the two aforementioned rights or environmental law in general (“access to justice”).

Above text taken from:


National Development Plan

"The NDP is the largest and most ambitious investment plan ever drawn up for Ireland. It involves an investment of over  EUR 52 billion  of Public, Private and EU funds (in 1999 prices) over the period 2000-2006. The Plan involves significant investment in health services, social housing, education, roads, public transport, rural development, industry, water and waste services, childcare and local development."

The above quote was taken from on October 23rd 2004.



Bunreacht na hEireann:
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Draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe:

Text of EU Constitution Draft Treaty:

Text of Environment Section of EU Constitution Draft Treaty:



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